Artificial intelligence_ key to the future or pandora’s box _ smartweek
Every other day we see another striking headline highlighting the fast pace of development in the fields of artificial intelligence (AI), robotics and software. Algorithm artificial intelligence Robots acting as teaching assistants, artificial intelligence writing books and film scripts are just a few examples of such stunning news stories.
One recent prominent case was Google’s AlphaGo software, which won a game of Go against the world’s best player, Lee Sedol.
What will artificial intelligence be like in the future Go is a hugely complex strategy board game originating from China, possessing more possible moves than the total number of atoms in the visible universe. Artificial intelligence projects in php Sedol’s loss was not the first and most probably won’t be the last time, humankind is defeated in a game where it was thought computers would never be able to match our abilities. Artificial intelligence explanation In 1996, then world chess grandmaster Garry Kasparov was beaten by the IBM Deep Blue computer. Is artificial intelligence dangerous 15 years later, in 2011, IBM was again making the headlines with their Watson computer winning a game of jeopardy. Ai artificial intelligence poster Google’s AlphaGo
Watson owes its impressive cognitive capabilities to the developments in the fields of natural-language processing, machine vision, computational statistics and more recently machine learning – where huge data sets are analysed to uncover patterns or detect anomalies.
When it is not beating mere mortals in a game of jeopardy, Watson gives advice to physicians; helping with diagnosis, evaluation of reports and prescription of treatments. Artificial intelligence helping humans Watson taps into a huge collection of medical journals, textbooks and patient medical records to come up with the best advice. Best artificial intelligence software for android IBM has also announced that Watson will be servicing customer-support call centres soon, which has already received the support of several banks.
Disruptive innovation reaches beyond our hospitals and call-centers, meet Baxter, a $22,000 general purpose robot which can help factory workers by doing repetitive tasks at the assembly line. Biggest artificial intelligence companies It requires no programming to start working, instead it learns from fellow human workers and memorizes work-flows. Ai artificial intelligence movie It can easily be upgraded with standard attachments to its arms, further expanding its bag of tricks. Artificial intelligence book by rich and knight pdf free download If Baxter is confused, its LCD screen displays a puzzled face to ask help from nearby workers. Movie ai artificial intelligence Rethink Robotics, the startup behind Baxter, claim robots won’t be replacing workers but will be a great companion to people at factories and warehouses. Artificial general intelligence research institute Amazon acquired robotics company Kiva Systems back in 2012 and at the end of 2015 it was using 30,000 Kiva robots across 13 warehouses. Introduction to artificial intelligence a modern approach pdf This investment has cut Amazon’s operating costs by a staggering 20%.
With the pace of innovation ramping up with significant haste, what will be the influence of AI and robotics on the future of the economy, job market and humankind as a whole? Demystifying the AI
The dystopian view of ultra-intelligent, evil AI overlords is not a phenomenon which solely belongs to sci-fi films or literature. Artificial intelligence movie download Many academics and business executives have voiced their concerns about the issue. Future prospects of artificial intelligence In the 1960s, a British mathematician, Irving John Good, who was one of the cryptologists working alongside Alan Turing at Bletchley Park during WWII put forward the following statement about the threat of ultra-intelligent machines:
“Let an ultra-intelligent machine be defined as a machine that can far surpass all the intellectual activities of any man however clever. Artificial intelligence russell norvig ppt Since the design of machines is one of these intellectual activities, an ultra-intelligent machine could design even better machines; there would then unquestionably be an ‘intelligence explosion’, and the intelligence of man would be left far behind. Artificial intelligence description Thus the first ultra-intelligent machine is the last invention that man need ever make, provided that the machine is docile enough to tell us how to keep it under control. Ai artificial intelligence watch online It is curious that this point is made so seldom outside of science fiction. With artificial intelligence It is sometimes worthwhile to take science fiction seriously.”
Good here is claiming that the development of an “intelligence” that has the potential to learn and improve itself iteratively could spell the end of human dominance over the planet. Frontiers in artificial intelligence and applications An intelligence with an unlimited capacity for self improvement will be able push far beyond the limits of human knowledge, ultimately superseding humankind.
Good’s portrayal of an anthropocentric doomsday scenario has been featured in many sci-fi films over the years; A Space Odyssey (1968), Star Wars (1977) , Blade Runner (1982), Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987), The Matrix (1999), Her (2013), Ex-Machina (2015) are some of the more well known examples.
Recently though, Good’s intelligence explosion argument has been brought out of the realms of sci-fi, as some of the greatest minds in science and technology have openly voiced their concerns to the public.
In 2014, Stephen Hawking stated that “the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of human race”. Artificial intelligence book A similar, and perhaps even more alarming statement was given by Tesla’s founder, Elon Musk, who said, “with artificial intelligence humankind is summoning the demon”. Artificial intelligence software for mac Bill Gates also backed Musk and others by stating future developments in the field of artificial intelligence might result in a strong enough intelligence which could very well be a source of concern for humankind. Artificial intelligence review impact factor Should we fear the uprising of ultra-intelligent machines anytime soon?
In his 1993 essay, Vernor Vigne, a computer scientist and science fiction writer, described the concept of “machine intelligence matching and eventually surpassing human intelligence” as “singularity”. List of artificial intelligence companies in india He also stated that singularity would happen sometime in between 2005 and 2030. Artificial intelligence knowledge Building on top of Vigne’s essay, Ray Kurzweil in his 2006 book, titled “ The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology” claimed that it will take until 2045 to reach singularity. Books on artificial intelligence pdf These bold predictions should be taken with a pinch of salt in the light of the current state of technology and also the historical evidence.
On the road to singularity, we still haven’t reached a significant milestone – an AI capable of passing the Turing Test. Institute for artificial intelligence The Turing test was designed to check if an AI agent can match up to human intelligence. Latest artificial intelligence technology It works like this, you first put a human and a computer behind closed doors in separate rooms. Artificial intelligence how it works Judges then try to determine which one is the computer and which one is the human by exchanging written messages with each room. Artificial intelligence review journal If they fail to be able to identify the answers from a given room as being provided by a machine, so as to say, there is no distinction between which room is the human or the computer, then the AI passes the test. Movies on artificial intelligence Every year a Turing test competition is held where the winner can claim the Loebner Prize gold medal. Application of artificial intelligence with examples To this date, no artificial intelligence has managed to pass the test, although we might be very close due to recent developments in natural language processing and machine learning. Artificial intelligence future jobs The Turing test is a key prerequisite for reaching singularity but it is far from the end goal. Future of artificial intelligence Turing Test
Apart from the technical complications blurring the path to singularity, historical evidence also shows that AI is a field where over-promising and under-delivering has been the norm.
Ambitious claims were made by the field as early as the 1960s. Artificial intelligence movie rating American mathematician and computer scientist, John McCarthy, who also coined the term “artificial intelligence”, promised financial backers from the Pentagon , a machine which could match human intelligence would only take a decade to design and build. Artificial intelligence robot projects Quite clearly McCarthy’s grandiose vision never came to fruition, and his unfulfilled promise is not the only case of bold claims which would never quite come to pass. Who created artificial intelligence A story published by The New York Times back in 1958 reported that the Navy was planning to build a $100,000 “thinking machine” within one year, based on psychologist Frank Rosenblatt’s research on neural networks. Best universities for artificial intelligence This was yet another example of an ambitious artificial intelligence project which never saw the light of the day. Learning in problem solving in artificial intelligence Road to Singularity
Singularitarians usually posit Moore’s law as a basis for eventually reaching artificial intelligence comparable with human cognitive skills. Why we need artificial intelligence Moore’s law is an empirical claim put forward by Intel’s founder Gordon Moore in 1965. Artificial intelligence language learning It states that the number of transistors on an integrated chip doubles around every two years, resulting in exponential growth of computational power. Artificial intelligence tutorials for beginners pdf The fact that Moore’s law has held true for the last four decades was one of the main drivers of technological innovation. Latest artificial intelligence applications However, there is one catch, we are approaching the physical limits of manufacturing. Artificial intelligence research development As processor architecture is approaching the size of an atom, the number of transistors which can be fit into a fixed space will be limited. Artificial intelligence problem solving The stalling of Moore’s law hints at , there being no shortcut we can take to reach singularity. Artificial intelligence software for android However, we can place our bets on a new technology called Quantum Computing which uses the quantum properties of matter to build a Turing machine, but the technology is far from being mature with current prototypes only running with a few qubits – a specific term to refer to “bits” in quantum computing. Meaning and definition of artificial intelligence It is fair to say the time when we may reap the rewards from this technology is still decades away. How to make artificial intelligence software Gordon Moore
Another obstacle standing in the way is our limited understanding on how the human brain functions. Artificial intelligence papers The idea of reaching singularity is treated skeptically among artificial intelligence and neuroscience researchers. Artificial intelligence abstract The basic mechanisms for biological intelligence are not completely understood , thus there is no formative model for human cognitive processes which computers can simulate.
Nevertheless, even though singularity seems like a far away dream for now, the public debate involving various actors ranging from academics and, business executives to philosophers, helps to ensure the required care is taken to safeguard our species from running into potential ramifications.
Last year Elon Musk donated $10m to the Future of Life Institute where he also serves as a member of the scientific advisory board. Artificial intelligence in society Donation will be used to fund research aimed at keeping AI beneficial for humanity. Artificial intelligence tutorial ppt In 2016, Google’s DeepMind division teamed up with researchers from the University of Oxford to find ways to repeatedly and safely switch off AI agents. Applications of artificial intelligence Their team published a peer reviewed paper introducing a safety framework for AI agents. What is artificial intelligence with example Framework allows human operators to interrupt AI agents, while AI agents don’t learn how to prevent human induced interruptions, much like a big red button to halt the operation of AI.
It is crucial that AI agents are designed to be human-friendly, putting the best interests of humankind and the planet above everything else. Why artificial intelligence is needed Development in the field should be build on two pillars, integrity and transparency. Artificial intelligence in Corporations should be transparent about the scope of their AI projects, measuring the impact of such developments and taking steps to adequately manage the systemic risks involved. Best artificial intelligence software Academics, subject experts and policy makers should contribute to the development of the field with integrity, acting as the moral compass which guides the interests of corporations. Artificial intelligence information systems Only then can we pave the way to ethical AI which benefits humanity as a whole.
Editor’s Note: This is the first of three essays about the outlook of economy, job market with respect to the developments in the fields of automation, robotics and artificial intelligence. Abstract on artificial intelligence First essay focuses on the developments within artificial intelligence field.